[轉]How to call Objective C code from Swift or Swift code from Objective C

Using Objective-C Classes in Swift

** If you have an existing class that you'd like to use, perform Step 2 and then skip to Step 5. (For some cases, I had to add an explicit #import <Foundation/Foundation.h to an older ObjC File) **

Step 1: Add Objective-C Implementation -- .m

Add a .m file to your class, and name it CustomObject.m

Step 2: Add Bridging Header

When adding your .m file, you'll likely be hit with a prompt that looks like this:

enter image description here

Click YES !

If you did not see the prompt, or accidentally deleted your bridging header, add a new .h file to your project and name it <#YourProjectName#>-Bridging-Header.h

In some situations, particularly when working with ObjC frameworks, you don't add an Objective-C class explicitly and Xcode can't find the linker. In this case, create your .h file named as mentioned above, then make sure you link its path in your target's project settings like so:

enter image description here


It's best practice to link your project using the $(SRCROOT) macro so that if you move your project, or work on it with others using a remote repo, it will still work. $(SRCROOT) can be thought of as the directory that contains your .xcodeproj file. It might look like this:


Step 3: Add Objective-C Header -- .h

Add another .h file and name it CustomObject.h

Step 4: Build your Objective-C Class

In CustomObject.h

#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>

@interface CustomObject : NSObject

@property (strong, nonatomic) id someProperty;

- (void) someMethod;


In CustomObject.m

#import "CustomObject.h"

@implementation CustomObject 

- (void) someMethod {
    NSLog(@"SomeMethod Ran");


Step 5: Add Class to Bridging-Header

In YourProject-Bridging-Header.h:

#import "CustomObject.h"

Step 6: Use your Object

In SomeSwiftFile.swift:

var instanceOfCustomObject: CustomObject = CustomObject()
instanceOfCustomObject.someProperty = "Hello World"

No need to import explicitly, that's what the bridging header is for.

Using Swift Classes in Objective-C

Step 1: Create New Swift Class

Add a .swift file to your project, and name it MySwiftObject.swift

In MySwiftObject.swift:

import Foundation

class MySwiftObject : NSObject {

    var someProperty: AnyObject = "Some Initializer Val"

    init() {}

    func someFunction(someArg:AnyObject) -> String {
        var returnVal = "You sent me \(someArg)"
        return returnVal


Step 2: Import Swift Files to ObjC Class

In SomeRandomClass.m:

#import "<#YourProjectName#>-Swift.h"

The file:<#YourProjectName#>-Swift.h should already be created automatically in your project, even if you can not see it.

Step 3: Use your class

MySwiftObject * myOb = [MySwiftObject new];
NSLog(@"MyOb.someProperty: %@", myOb.someProperty);
myOb.someProperty = @"Hello World";
NSLog(@"MyOb.someProperty: %@", myOb.someProperty);
NSString * retString = [myOb someFunction:@"Arg"];
NSLog(@"RetString: %@", retString);


1. CodeCompletion wasn't behaving as accurately as I'd like it to. On my system, running a quick build w/ "cmd + r" seemed to help Swift find some of the Objc code and vice versa.

2. If you add .swift file to an older project and get error: dyld: Library not loaded: @rpath/libswift_stdlib_core.dylib, try completely restarting Xcode.

3. While it was originally possible to use pure Swift classes in Objective-C by using the @objcprefix, after Swift 2.0, this is no longer possible. See edit history for original explanation. If this functionality is reenabled in future Swift versions, the answer will be updated accordingly.



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